The Slovenian region of Primorska is in English also known as Slovenian Littoral. As the Slovenian name reveals, Primorska is located on the coast, which is Slovenia's part of the Adriatic Sea. In fact, though, the country only has a short coastline, so just a small part of Primorska actually has access to the sea. The region is divided into two administrative units: Goriška and Slovenian Istria, with the latter being the one that touches on the sea, while Goriška is mostly mountainous (this can also be seen from the Slovenian name). Primorska has a long border with Italy, and in the North it borders on Austria.
When Slovenia was a Yugoslav Republic, it had a rather minor share of the country's tourists, because in the state-controlled economy of that time they where all diverted to the Croatian coastline. Luckily for the country, this all is now different. Primorska is now attractive for beach tourists and for mountain hikers. The coastal town of Piran is one of its major tourist magnets. It has been called the Slovenian answer to Dubrovnik: Imagine a historic little town with picturesque buildings from various historic periods, being located on a peninsula overlooking the Adriatic Sea - this is Piran, which officially is bilingual, by the way, Slovenian and Italian. The town has a marina and its own international airport.
Not far from Piran, there is Koper, Slovenia's largest and most important port city. It is quite vital as Slovenia's major gate to the world, in marine terms. Being bilingual too it plays and important role in the country's business relations to Italy. In Primorska trade is the main factor of the economy. In fact the region is, after Ljubljana, the capital, the most developed and prosperous part of the country. Koper too is bilingual. Altogether, it can be said that the region is an appealing mixture between Italy and Slovenia in terms of culture, and culinarily it is a combination of Slovenian, Italian, and Austrian el ements.
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